Substitution Cipher: Description

A substitution cipher is a mono-alphabetic cipher, i.e. same letters in the plain-text map to the same but possibly different letter in the cipher-text. A substitution cipher is essentially a permutation of the letters of the alphabet which is done for each character of the plain-text. Hence substitution ciphers form a group and super-encipherment does not make sense.

Important subclasses are the Caesar Cipher and Linear Ciphers.


Substitution Table



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Breaking Substitution Cipher

Substitution ciphers are weak ciphers. They can be broken by just looking at a cipher-text and analyzing parameters like: In our approach we will concentrate on trigrams.

If the cipher-text contains word separators the task is much easier than without them. We will assume that there are word separators.

Last Update: 13.04.96 (Format: DD.MM.YY)